The Liver

The liver is the largest organ in the body. It is located on the right side of the body under your rib cage. The liver filters blood, helps with blood clotting, makes bile, breaks down fats, and helps process sugar for energy. The liver also produces lymph. Inside the liver is a network of blood and lymph vessels.

The liver has two lobes, a right and left lobe. Blood enters the liver from the hepatic artery and the portal vein. Blood leaves the liver through the hepatic veins before entering the inferior vena cava and returning to the heart.


Liver cells make bile. Bile is a yellow or green fluid made up of cholesterol, bilirubin, salts such as potassium and sodium, water, and other elements found in the body. It flows into small channels that drain into thin tubes called ducts. These ducts form larger and larger channels that flow into the left and right hepatic ducts.

The left and right hepatic ducts join to form the common hepatic duct. The common hepatic duct joins with the cystic duct that connects to the gallbladder to form the common bile duct. The common bile duct is joined by the pancreatic duct just before it enters the small intestine.

The gallbladder

The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ found under the liver. It is sometimes described as sac-like because it holds bile from the liver. Bile is stored in the gallbladder, and when you eat, it then passes through the bile ducts into the small bowel to help digest food.

The hepatobiliary system

The liver is part of the hepatobiliary system. Hepato means liver and biliary refers to the gallbladder and bile ducts. Together, they form the hepatobiliary system. The hepatobiliary system makes bile and is a part of the digestive system. The digestive system takes in food, breaks it down (digestion), absorbs nutrients, and removes waste from the body. Some doctors consider the pancreas to be a part of this system.

Liver CancerSecond Opinion


Liver Cancer Articles

The Liver – Characteristics and Purpose

Many people have heard of cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer. But few people really know what the liver does and why it’s so important. This article reveals interesting facts and information about this often misunderstood organ known as the human liver. About the liver The liver is the largest gland in the body. […]

Liver Cancer

Alternative Treatments For Liver Cancer

Alternative treatments for liver cancer usually work by boosting the patient’s immune system. liver cancer is particularly a disease caused by a malfunctioning immune system thus improving it should be the priority, and that’s where alternative cures come into the picture. Just like the heart, the liver is a vital organ of the body. It […]

Liver Cancer Surgery

Liver Cancer Surgery

Liver cancer surgery is one of the most recommended techniques and safest methods of liver cancer treatment. Various options are available to carry surgical methods for cancer of liver. Various aspects like liver cancer stage, origin and size of tumors, and overall health of victim play a vital role in deciding on feasibility of surgery […]